Vijaychem Industries

ISO 9001:2008 Certified Company

Zinc Sulphate - Heptahydrate :
First Aid Measures

SWALLOWED
If swallowed, Refer for Medical attention, where possible, without delay.
For advice, contact a Poisons Information Centre or a Doctor.
Urgent hospital treatment is likely to be needed.
In the mean time, qualified first-aid personnel should treat the patient following observation and employing supportive measures as indicated by the patient's condition.
If the services of a medical officer or medical doctor are readily available, the patient should be placed in his/her care and a copy of the MSDS should be provided. Further action will be the responsibility of the medical specialist.
If medical attention is not available on the worksite or surroundings send the patient to a hospital together with a copy of the MSDS.
Where medical attention is not immediately available or where the patient is more than 15 minutes from a hospital or unless instructed otherwise :
INDUCE vomiting with fingers down the back of the throat, ONLY IF CONSCIOUS, Lean patient forward or place on left side (headdown position, if possible) to maintain open airway and prevent aspiration.
NOTE : Wear a protective glove when inducing vomiting by mechanical means.
EYE
If this product comes in contact with the eyes:
Immediately hold eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously with running water.
Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.
Continue flushing until advised to slop by the Poisons Information Centre or a doctor, or for atleast 15 minutes.
Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.
Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled personnel.
SKIN
If skin contact occurs:
Immediately remove all contaminated clothing, including footwear.
Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if avaiable).
Seek medical attention in event of irritation.
INHALED
If dust is inhaled, remove from contaminated area.
Encourage patient to blow nose to ensure clear passage of breathing.
If irritation or discomfort persists seek medical attention.
NOTES TO PHYSICIAN
For poisons (where specific treatment regime is absent):
BASIC TREATMENT:
Establish a patent airway with suction where necessary.
Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilation as necessary.
Administer oxygen by non-rebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min.
Monitor and treat, where necessary, for pulmonary oedema.
Monitor and treat, where necessary, tor shock.
Anticipate seizures.
DO NOT use emetics, Where ingestion is suspected rinse mouth and give up to 200 ml Water (5 ml/kg recommended) for dilution where patient is able to swallow, has a strong gag reflex and does not drool.
ADVANCE TREATMENT:
Consider orotracheal Or nasotracheal intubation for airway control in unconscious patient or where respiratory arrest has occurred.
Positive-pressure ventilation using a bag-valve mask might be of use.
Monitor and treat, where necessary, for arrhythmias.
Start an IV D5WTKO, if signs of hypovolaemia are present use lactated Ringers solution. Fluid overload might create complications.
Drug therapy should be considered for pulmonary oedema.
Hypotension with signs of hypovolaemia requires the cautious administration of fiuids. Fluid overload might create complications.
Treat seizures with diazepam.
Proparacaine hydrochloride should be used to assist eye irrigation.
BRONSTEIN, A.C. and CURRANCE, P.L. EMERGENCY CARE FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS EXPOSURE: 2nd Ed. 1994.
Absorption of zinc compounds occurs in the small intestine.
The metal is heavily protein bound.
Elimination results primarily from faecal excretion.
The usual measures for decontamination (Ipecac Syrup, lavage, charcoal or cathartics) may be administered, although patients usually have sufficient vomiting not to require them.
CaNa2EDTA has been used successfully to normalise zinc levels and is the agent of choice.
Hypotension with signs of hypovolaemia requires the cautious administration of fiuids. Fluid overload might create complications.
[Ellenhorn and Barceloux: Medical Toxicology].